FAQ’s

FAQ’s : Finish

Fabric Finish Related Terms begin with ‘A’

antibacterial finish A treatment of a textile material to make it resistant to, or to retard growth of, bacteria.

CATEGORY : Finish SOURCE : Introductory Textile Science (5th edition) by Marjory L. Joseph

backing 1. A general term for any system of yarn which interlaces on the back of a textile material. 2. A knit or woven fabric or plastic foam bonded to a face fabric.

CATEGORY : Finish SOURCE : Vectran Fiber Website

bleach cleanable The fabric can be cleaned and sanitized with a ratio of household bleach to water

CATEGORY : Finish SOURCE : Brentano, Inc.

calendering An ironing process that adds sheen to a fabric.

CATEGORY : Finish SOURCE : Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

chintz 1. A highly lustrous printed cotton fabric with often with a glazed finish. 2. A painted or stained calico from India.

CATEGORY : Finish, Weave SOURCE : Introductory Textile Science (5th edition) by Marjory L. Joseph

ciré A highly glazed finish produced on the surface of the fabric, from the French verb meaning to wax.

CATEGORY : Finish SOURCE : Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

Crypton Home Crypton Home – Also known as INCASE® was created specifically for upholstery fabrics, offering a bundled solution of “repel and release” stain technology and microbial resistance for the life of the fabric and is to be used when a barrier is not required.

CATEGORY : Finish SOURCE : Crypton, INC. Website

delustering The application of a chemical treatment that reduces the sheen of man-made yarns and fabric.

CATEGORY : Finish SOURCE : Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

embossed Figures or design raised on the surface of the fabric usually with engraved heat rollers.

CATEGORY : Finish SOURCE : Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

flame retardant A chemical applied to a fiber, yarn or fabric to reduce its tendency to burn.

CATEGORY : Finish SOURCE : Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

GreenShield® A topical stain resistant finish that utilizes 7-10 times fewer fluorocarbons than similar finishes and releases no VOC emissions. The technology is based on amorphous silica nanoparticles that permanently adhere to a fabric in a mesh network that prevents particles from becoming airborne.

CATEGORY : Finish, Green SOURCE : GreenShield®

high energy dyed polyester When a polyester fiber is heated at a high temperature it forces the molecule to open and encapsulate the dye stuff. This process enables the dye to have high color fastness and be resistant to many chemicals such as sodium hypochlorite (bleach).

CATEGORY : Fiber, Finish SOURCE : Brentano, Inc.

INCASE® INCASE® – Also known as Crypton Home was created specifically for upholstery fabrics, offering a bundled solution of “repel and release” stain technology and microbial resistance for the life of the fabric and is to be used when a barrier is not required.

CATEGORY : Finish SOURCE : Crypton, INC. Website

ink safe A stain shield chemically bonded to Brentano’s polyurethane faux leathers for easy cleaning, especially the removal of ballpoint pen marks.

CATEGORY : Finish SOURCE : Brentano, Inc.

mercerization A treatment applied to cotton yarn and/or fabric to improve luster and increase the receptiveness of the fiber to dyes.

CATEGORY : Fiber, Finish SOURCE : Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

moire A finish or process applied to fabrics in which the warp has yarn of harder twist than the filling. The moire effect resembles water ripples and is produced by engraved rollers, heat, pressure, steam and chemicals.

CATEGORY : Finish SOURCE : Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

napped Various fabrics finished with a brushing that raises the surface.

CATEGORY : Finish SOURCE : Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

panne A finish usually applied to either satin or velvet in order to give the surface a high luster.

CATEGORY : Finish SOURCE : Introductory Textile Science (5th edition) by Marjory L. Joseph

pigment finish Color applied to leather in solid particles (pigments) that cover the surface.

CATEGORY : Finish SOURCE : Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

quaternary cleaner A sanitizing cleaner, the active ingredient of which is quaternary ammonium compound. The active ingredient is cationic. Its primary use is for the cleaning and disinfecting of hard surfaces.

CATEGORY : Finish SOURCE : Hillyard – The Cleaning Resources

resin A synthetic finish applied to fabric to add water repellence, resistance to crushing or luster.

CATEGORY : Finish SOURCE : Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

satin finish A glossy finish given to many fabrics.

CATEGORY : Finish SOURCE : Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

Scotchgard™ A registered brand name for a stain-repellent and rain-repellent finish.

CATEGORY : Finish SOURCE : Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

shearing A mechanical process that cuts projecting fibers from the fabric face. It is especially used for wool and other fabrics with a tendency to pill.

CATEGORY : Finish SOURCE : Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

silicone finish A liquid fluorocarbon treatment that is either sprayed or padded on to the fabric to make it resistant to water and oil-borne stains. See Scotchgard™ and Teflon™.

CATEGORY : Finish SOURCE : Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

sizing 1. A starch applied to warp threads to strengthen them for the strains of the weaving process. It is removed by scouring during finishing. 2. A starch applied to cotton or linen cloth that is removed when the fabric is washed.

CATEGORY : Finish SOURCE : Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

tanning The process of converting hide into leather by treating the skin with such agents as vegetable tannens or chromium salts.

CATEGORY : Finish SOURCE : Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

Teflon™ A registered brand name for a stain-resistant finish applied to fabric.

CATEGORY : Finish SOURCE : Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

Tri-sistant Tri-sistant finish is Brentano’s brand name, cross-linked stain resistant treatment. Comparable to other cross-linked finishes currently on the market, Tri-sistant does not contain PFOS, PFOA, or PFCs. Tri-sistant contains C-6 fluorocarbon chemistry and is chemically bonded to the fibers in the fabric thus producing a much longer lasting stain resistant finish.

CATEGORY : Finish SOURCE : Brentano, Inc.

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