FABRICS FAQ : green terminology


Green Textile Terms begin with 'D'

A B C D E F G H I L M N O P R S T U V W



Daphnia toxicity

Water fleas of the genus Daphnia can be found in most ponds and streams. They feed upon microscopic particles of organic matter and are in turn food for fish and other aquatic organisms. Daphnia Toxicity is a measure of a substance's toxicity when consumed by these water fleas. A common measuring tool for Daphnia Toxicity is EC50 ("effective concentration"), which is the concentration of a substance in the water required to immobilize 50 percent of the test animals. If EC50<10 mg/liter, the substance is named Daphnia Toxic.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     MBDC

Department of Transportation Hazardous Material (DOT)

Materials that have been designated by the DOT to pose an unreasonable risk to human health, safety and/or property when transported.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

design for disassembly

Designing a product to be dismantled for easier maintenance, repair, recovery and reuse of components and materials.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     MBDC

Dioctyl Phthalate (DOP)

The most widely used plasticisers, primarily to make soft and flexible PVC for applications in the automotive, construction, textile, and medical industries. Can cause birth defects and cancer, based on animal test data.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     Chemicalland21.com

downcycling

The practice of recycling a material in such a way that much of its inherent value is lost (for example, recycling plastic into park benches).
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     MBDC