FABRICS FAQ : textile glossary


Weave Related Terms begin with 'W'

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Z



waffle cloth

A fabric similar to pique in texture and usually made of cotton, has a honey-comb weave made on dobby loom.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

wale

In knit fabrics, a column of loops lying lengthwise in the fabric. The number of wales per inch is a measure of the fineness of the fabric.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

warp

The set of yarn in all woven fabrics that runs lengthwise and parallel to the selvage and is interwoven with the filling. The sheet of yarns wound together on a beam for the purpose of weaving or warp knitting.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

warp knits

A kind of knitting in which a number of threads are chained with one or more contiguous threads on either side. Resistant to runs and relatively easy to sew.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

warp prints

Usually a plain weave, the warp yarns are printed before the filling is inserted. The fabric has a very fuzzy design when design is distorted as fabric is woven.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

warp-faced fabric

A woven cloth in which the warp yarns predominate over the filling yarns.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

washable

Capable of being washed without ruining or distorting the fabric.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

water-repellent fabric

Cloth that is impervious to water, but still "breathes."
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

w-construction

A double-weave construction for cut-pile fabrics in which the pile yarns are caught and woven through a series of three weft yarns.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

wear test

A test for fabric wear, abrasion, flexibility, washing, crushing, creasing, etc., in which the fabric is made into a garment, worn for a specific time, then assessed for performance.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Vectran Fiber Website

weave

The structural pattern in which yarns are interlaced to produce a fabric. The basic weaves are plain, twill and satin.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

weaving

The process of making a cloth by interlacing the threads of the weft and the warp on a loom.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

weft

The horizontal or crosswise element in a cloth. Synonomous with fill.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

wet & dry crocking

Transfer of dye from the surface of a dyed or printed fabric onto another surface by rubbing.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

worsted

A general term applied to fabrics and yarns from combed wool and wool blends. Worsted yarn is smooth-surfaced and spun from evenly combed long staple. Worsted fabric is made from worsted yarns and is tightly woven with a smooth, hard surface. Examples are gabardine and serge.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

wrinkle recovery

The property of a fabric that enables it to recover from folding deformations.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

Wyzenbeek Test

A test used to measure a fabric's resistance to wear and abrasion. A fabric sample, pulled taut and weighted, is abraded with a cylinder covered with a 50 x 70 wire screen or a 10 oz. cotton duck cloth.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990