FABRICS FAQ : textile glossary


Weave Related Terms begin with 'S'

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Z



sateen

A cotton cloth made in a satin weave, often treated with high luster and crease-resistant finishes.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

satin weave

Basic weave, characterized by floats running in the warp direction in such a manner that gives the fabric a gloss, luster or shine.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Introductory Textile Science (5th edition) by Marjory L. Joseph

Schiffi

A machine for embroidering and making heavy venise lace.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

Scottish plaid

A coarse, very durable twilled woolen fabric made of Scottish native wool.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

screen prints

Similar to stencil work, except that a screen is used. Certain areas of the screen are treated to take dye, others to resist dye. A paste is forced through the screen onto the fabric by a squeegee to form the pattern.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

seam slippage

The movement of yarns in a fabric that occurs when it is pulled apart at a seam.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

seconds

Imperfect fabrics with weave, finish or dyeing flaws.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

seersucker

A thin, all-cotton fabric, commonly striped.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :      Brentano, Inc.

selvage

Heavy reinforced outside woven edges of cloth.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

sequin

A small, sparkly plastic disc used for decoration.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

serge

A smooth-finished fabric in a balanced twill weave that is the same on both the face and back.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

serpentine crepe

A plain weave with lengthwise crinkled effect. Also in a ribbed form with heavy filling in the ribs.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

shading

The apparent graduations of color in cut-pile fabrics that are caused by variations in light reflection. This is not a defect, but a desirable characteristic of these fabrics.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

shantung

A plain silk weave originally made from wild silk in Shantung China on hand looms, characterized by a rough, nubbed surface caused by the slubs in the yarn.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

Shetland

Applies only to wool from a sheep raised in the Shetland Isle of Scotland. Fabrics made from this fiber are usually lightweight and warm, with a raised finish and soft hand.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

shibori

The Japanese term for a myriad of resist dyeing techniques, including Western tie-dye
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Brentano, Inc.

shuttle

The device on a loom that carries the filling yarn through the shed to interlace it with the warp.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

sisal

A hard fiber obtained from the sword like leave of the sisal plant.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

skein-dyed yarns

Spun or filament yarns of any natural or man-made fiber dyed in the form of hanks or skeins.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

spinning

The process of twisting staple fibers into single-ply yarn, or of drawing liquid through a spinneret to produce synthetic monofilaments.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

spun-silk

Yarn made of silk broken by the emergence of mature silk moths from cocoons.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

Standard Industrial Classification (SIC)

Standard Industrial Classification codes indicate the company's type of business. These codes are also used in the Division of Corporation Finance as a basis for assigning review responsibility for the company's filings.
CATEGORY : Fiber, Weave
SOURCE :     US Securities and Exchange Commission

striƩ

Irregular streaks in a fabric of practically the same color as the background, from the French "stripe" or "streak".
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

stripe

A long, straight region of a single color.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

suedecloth

A woven fabric with a flat, napped surface finished to resemble suede.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

surah

A soft twilled fabric of silk or of a blend of silk and rayon.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper