FABRICS FAQ : textile glossary


Weave Related Terms begin with 'P'

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Z



paillette

From the French for sequin. Generally larger than sequins.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

paisley

A paisley or paisley pattern is a droplet-shaped vegetal motif of Persian origin similar to half of the Yin yang symbol, or the leaf of the Indian bodhi tree or the mango tree; or to a leech. The western name derives from the town of Paisley, in central Scotland.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :      Brentano, Inc.

panama

Plain woven hopsacking of coarse-yarn basket weave, plain or in two colors, producing a texture similar to that of panama hats.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

peau de soie

A medium to heavy drapeable fabric with a satin weave and delustered finish; a traditional fabric for wedding dresses.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     denverfabrics.com

pebble

An irregular or rough surface with a pebbly look, as in a pebble crepe.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Introductory Textile Science (5th edition) by Marjory L. Joseph

photographic prints

Made from photoengraved rollers that transfer photographs to cloth. Several processes, all adapted from color printing on paper.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

pick

One thread of warp or filling.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

piece dyeing

A common method of dyeing that allows flexibility to meet color demands, i.e. a material dyed in the piece after weaving.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

pile fabric

Fabric with cut or uncut loops which stand up densely on the surface. Not to be confused with napped fabrics, which have brushed surfaces. Velvets, plushes, velveteens and corduroy are cut pile fabrics. Epingles are uncut pile fabrics.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

pile weave

A three-dimensional surface construction in which cut or uncut loops protrude from the ground cloth. The loops may be made of warp or filling yarns, and be produced by a double wave or with wires. The wire method uses round-tipped wires to raise loops for uncut pile, and sharp-edged cut wires for cut pile.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

pilling

The formation of little fuzzy balls on a fabric surface caused by the rubbing off of a fiber's loose ends that are too long or strong to break away.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

pincheck

A very tiny check.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

pique

Refers to a weaving style, as in "pique cotton", which is characterized by raised parallel cords or fine ribbing (for example, in the collar of a polo shirt or tennis shirt). Twilled cotton (see Twill) or corded cotton are close relatives.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :      Brentano, Inc.

plaid

A pattern of colored stripes or bars crossing each other at right angles.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

plain weave

The most simple method of interlacing warp and weft threads to make a cloth. Each filling thread passes alternately under and over the warp yarns to produce a balanced construction. Also known as 'tabby,' this is a strong weave, inexpensive to produce, and the best ground for printing. However, if the thread count is low, the fabric may be too weak for upholstery.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

plisse

Usually a print cloth treated with chemicals that cause part of the cloth to shrink, creating a permanently crinkled surface.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Introductory Textile Science (5th edition) by Marjory L. Joseph

plush

Warp pile fabric originally made from silk or wool that is distinct from velvet because of its longer and less dense pile. Modern plushes can be made of polyester.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

polypropylene

The basic fiber forming substance for olefin.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

pongee

A plain woven, light weight or medium-weight fabric made from wild silk. Almost always pale or dark tan, but now sometimes printed, bleached and dyed in colors.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

poodle cloth

Loopy boucle or knotted yarn cloth that looks like the coat of a poodle.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

poult de soie

A silk fabric in plain weave with heavy filling strands forming cross ribs, sometimes called a Faille Taffeta.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

printing

The process of producing designs of one or more colors on a fabric using different methods, such as roller, block, screen, and several color techniques, such as direct, discharge, and resist.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper