FABRICS FAQ : textile glossary


Weave Related Terms begin with 'F'

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Z



fabric widths

Upholstery fabrics are generally manufactured in widths 48"=120 cm, 60"=150 cm. Normal upholstery yardage requirements are based on 50"-54" goods.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

face

The side of the fabric which is visible when upholstered on furniture.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

faille

A soft, slightly glossy fabric in a rib weave, with a light, flat, crosswise rib or cord made by using heavier yarns in the filling and not the warp.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Introductory Textile Science (5th edition) by Marjory L. Joseph

felt

A fabric of matted, compressed animal fibers, such as wool or fur, sometimes mixed with vegetable or synthetic fibers.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :      Brentano, Inc.

fiber reactive dye

Used to dye cellulose fibers. Reacting chemically with the molecules of the fibers, resulting in unusually fast, brilliant colors. Also referred to as "reactive dyes".
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

fill

Crosswise yarns in the weave, synonymous with weft.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

flammability

The measurement of a fabric's performance when it is exposed to specific sources of ignition.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

flannel

A soft plain or twill woven fabric of wool or a blend of wool and cotton or synthetics.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

float

Portion of warp or weft that covers two or more adjacent warp or weft threads to form a design.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

foulard

A lightweight twill or plain-woven fabric of silk or silk and cotton, usually having a small printed design.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :      Brentano, Inc.

fringe

An ornamental border consisting of short lengths of hanging threads or tassels, often attached to a separate band.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :      Brentano, Inc.

frisé

French for curl. Applied to different weaves made of looped, knotted or curled yarns.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper