FABRICS FAQ : textile glossary


Weave Related Terms begin with 'C'

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Z



canvas

Usually cotton or linen woven in a heavy firm weave.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

carding

A process used for all natural fibers, in which they are separated and brought into general alignment before spinning. Yarns spun from carded wool are called woolen yarns.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

challis

A fine, light weight, plain-weave fabric; one of the softest fabrics made.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Introductory Textile Science (5th edition) by Marjory L. Joseph

chambray

A popular cotton fabric in plain weave that combines colored warp and white filling yarns.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

check

A small pattern of squares.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

chevron

The general shape of a V character similar to zigzag stripes.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

chiffon

A lightweight, balanced plain-woven sheer fabric woven with twist yarns. The twist in the crepe yarns puckers the fabric slightly in both directions after weaving, giving it some stretch and a slightly rough feel. Made of silk, wool, or man-made fibers; From the French word for cloth.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :      Brentano, Inc.

chintz

1. A highly lustrous printed cotton fabric with often with a glazed finish.
2. A painted or stained calico from India.
CATEGORY : Finish, Weave
SOURCE :     Introductory Textile Science (5th edition) by Marjory L. Joseph

cisele

A velvet fabric on which the pattern is formed by contrast between cut and uncut pile loops.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

clipped fabrics

Clipping or shearing of floating threads between the design during finishing.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

cloqué

A cotton, silk or rayon fabric with a raised woven pattern and a puckered or quilted look.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :      Brentano, Inc.

colorfastness to light

A material's degree of resistance to the fading effect of light.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

converter

An individual or company that buys grey goods, applies any numbers of finishes (dyeing, printing, mercerizing etc.) and sells the finished fabric to a wholesaler or retailer.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

corduroy

A durable cut-pile fabric, usually made of cotton with vertical ribs. Back may be plain or twill weave.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :      Brentano, Inc.

count

1. The number size of a yarn. The higher the count, the finer the yarn.
2. The number of ends and picks per inch of weave. The higher the count, the finer the weave.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

crepe

A light, soft, thin fabric of silk, cotton, wool or another fiber with a crinkled surface. The crinkled surface is produced by hard twist yarns, chemical treatment, weave, or embossing.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Introductory Textile Science (5th edition) by Marjory L. Joseph

cretonne

A heavy, unglazed cotton, linen or rayon fabric, colorfully printed and used for draperies. Similar to unglazed chintz.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :      Brentano, Inc.

crinoline

Open, stiff weave with a hard-twist cotton warp or horse hair filling.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

crocking

The rubbing off of color due to improper or insufficient dye penetration or fixation. Crocking can occur under wet or dry conditions.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

cut-pile fabric

A cloth with a three-dimensional surface produced by double weaving or by looping an additional warp or filling thread into the basic weave, and then cutting the loops (i.e. velvet, velour, plush).
CATEGORY : Fiber, Weave
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990