FABRICS FAQ : textile glossary


Weave Related Terms begin with 'B'

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Z



bar (or barré)

A line of off-shade color running selvage to selvage in a fabric, caused by a change in loom tension or irregular dyeing.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

barathea

A closely woven dobby-weave fabric with a characteristic pebbly surface. Generally made from silk or rayon, and often combined with cotton or worsted. Fabric is usually used for dresses, neckties and lightweight suits.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

bark crepe

A crepe fabric textured to simulate the appearance of tree bark.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     answers.com

basket weave

A plain weave with two or more warp and filling threads interlaced to resemble a plaited basket.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

batik

An Indonesian word that refers to a generic wax-resistant dyeing technique used on textiles.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :      Brentano, Inc.

batiste

A fabric named for Jean Baptiste, a French linen weaver. Lightweight, sheer, delicate fabric in a plain weave with a delicate hand and a graceful drape.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Silk Road, inc.

beaker dyeing

The dyeing of small fabric samples during color development.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

beam

The cylinder at both the front and back of a loom, onto which the warp is wound.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

bengaline

A fabric having a crosswise ribbed effect made of silk, wool or synthetic fibers.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :      Brentano, Inc.

bias

An invisible line at 45 degrees diagonal to the grain of a fabric.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

bird's eye

A dobby-loom weave characterized by a small diamond shaped spots resembling bird's eyes.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

blanket

A textile sample showing a series of patterns or colors all on the same warp.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

bombazine

A fine English twilled fabric of silk and worsted or cotton.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :      Brentano, Inc.

bouclé

A fabric woven with boucle yarns, which have a looped appearance on the surface.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Introductory Textile Science (5th edition) by Marjory L. Joseph

breaking strength

The measurement of stress exerted to pull a fabric apart under tension.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

brocade

A rich jacquard fabric with allover interwoven design of raised figures or flowers. The name is derived from the French word meaning "to ornament." The brocade pattern is emphasized with contrasting surfaces or colors and often has gold or silver threads running through it.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Introductory Textile Science (5th edition) by Marjory L. Joseph

burlap

A coarse, heavy plain-weave fabric made of jute.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Introductory Textile Science (5th edition) by Marjory L. Joseph

burn-out

A technique used to develop raised designs on fabric surface. Primarily done in fabrics with at least two different fiber content, i.e. cotton-polyester, silk-rayon, etc. One fiber component is being dissolved through chemical reactions while the other content remains intact, resulting in the illusion of a raised design.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     answers.com