FABRICS FAQ : textile glossary


Green Textile Terms begin with 'T'

A B C D E F G H I L M N O P R S T U V W



technical metabolism

Modeled on natural systems, the technical metabolism is MBDC's term for the processes of human industry that maintain and perpetually reuse valuable synthetic and mineral materials in closed loops.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     MBDC

technical nutrient

A material that remains in a closed-loop system of manufacture, reuse and recovery (the technical metabolism), maintaining its value through many product life cycles.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     MBDC

teratogen

A substance shown to cause damage to the embryo or fetus through exposure by the mother (MAK-list: Pregnancy risk group, category A).
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     MBDC

teratogen-suspected

Currently available information indicates that a risk of damage to the embryo or fetus can be considered probable when the mother is exposed to this substance (MAK-list: Pregnancy risk group, category B).
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     MBDC

terephthalic acid

Para-phthalic acid, [C6H4(COOH2)]. a white crystalline water-insoluble carboxylic acid used in making polyester resins, fibers and films by combination with glycols.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

terrestrial toxicity

The use or release of substances that have toxic impact on land species.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

The Natural Step (TNS)

An international organization founded in Sweden in 1989 that uses a science-based, systems framework to help organizations, individuals and communities take steps towards sustainability
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

The Next Industrial Revolution

This emerging movement of production and commerce eliminates the concept of waste, uses energy from renewable sources and celebrates cultural and biological diversity. The promise of the Next Industrial Revolution is a system of production that fulfills desires for economic and ecological abundance and social equity in both the short and long terms becoming sustaining (not just sustainable) for all generations.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     MBDC

thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU)

A type of polyurethane with notable strength and elasticity that is also less flammable compared to other polyurethane fabrics.
CATEGORY : Fiber, Green
SOURCE :     Brentano, Inc.

Threshold Planning Quantity (TPQ)

The amount of an extremely hazardous substance present at a facility above which the facility's owner/operator must give emergency planning notification to local, state and federal emergency planning commissions.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

Total Suspended Solids (TSS)

TSS represents the total amount of solid matter in a representative water sample that is retained on a membrane filter. It includes all sediment and other constituents that are fluid suspended. A commonly used method for measuring water pollution.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

toxic air pollutant

Poisonous substances in the air that come from natural sources (for example, radon gas from the ground) or from manmade sources (for example, chemical compounds given off by factory smokestacks) and can harm the environment or human health.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

Toxic Release Inventory (TRI)

An EPA database (available to the public) that contains information on toxic chemical releases and other waste management activities reported annually by certain covered industry groups and by federal facilities. This inventory was established under the Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act of 1986 (EPCRA) and expanded by the Pollution Prevention Act of 1990.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA)

The federal statute (of 1976) that authorized the EPA to track the 75,000 industrial chemicals currently produced or imported into the United States. EPA repeatedly screens these chemicals and can require reporting or testing of those that may pose an environmental or human-health hazard. EPA can ban the manufacture and import of chemicals that pose an unreasonable risk.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

toxic waste

If a threshold concentration of one of fourteen substances listed by RCRA is present in an extract of a waste stream, the entire waste stream is classified as toxic waste and is subject to regulation as a hazardous waste (under the RCRA definition, 40 CFR Part 261.24). The list contains several synthetic organic chemicals and toxic metals such as lead, chromium and mercury.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

toxicity - acute

A measure of how poisonous or "deadly" a substance is during initial exposure. A common measuring tool for acute toxicity is LD50 ("lethal dose"), which is the dose required to kill 50 percent of the test animals. If LD50<200 mg/kg, the substance is named "acutely toxic".
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     MBDC

toxicity - chronic

This is a measure of how poisonous a substance can become over time with repeated exposure. A substance may have low acute toxicity (i.e., little harmful effects from the initial exposure) but may become poisonous over time with repeated exposure. This may be due to accumulation of the substance or due to repeated minor damaging of target organs.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     MBDC

Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP)

A commonly used test for determining the potential of certain metals and chemicals for their potential to leach out of an unlined disposal site into groundwater at toxic levels; identified in RCRA, 40 CFR Part 261.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary