FABRICS FAQ : textile glossary


Green Textile Terms begin with 'I'

A B C D E F G H I L M N O P R S T U V W



indoor air pollution

Chemical, physical or biological contaminants in indoor air.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

industrial ecology

An interdisciplinary framework for designing and operating industrial systems as living systems interdependent with natural systems.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

International Oeko-Tex Association (Oeko-Tex)

Founded in 1992, the International Oeko-Tex Association provides uniform, scientifically founded evaluation standards for the human ecological safety of textiles.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     Oeko-Tex Association

International Standards Organization (ISO)

A non-governmental organization located in Geneva, Switzerland, chartered to develop voluntary technical standards that aim to make the development, manufacture and supply of goods and services safer, cleaner and more efficient.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

International Standards Organization 14000/ 14001 (ISO 14000/ ISO 14001)

A group of ISO standards that address environmental issues. Includes standards for Environmental Management Systems (EMS) (ISO 14001), environmental and EMS auditing, environmental labeling, performance evaluation and life-cycle assessment. Compliance results in "ISO 14000 Certification."
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

International Standards Organization 9000 (ISO 9000)

A group of ISO standards and guidelines that relate to quality management systems. Currently includes three quality standards: ISO 19001: 2000 establishes requirements; ISO 9000: 2000 and ISO 9004: 2000 establishes guidelines. All of these are process standards, not product standards. Compliance results in "ISO 9000 Certification."
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

Irritation of Skin/Mucous Membranes

For the testing of skin irritation with the standard Draize test, rabbits are used. The chemical is applied to the rabbit skin and usually kept in contact for 4 hours. The degree of skin irritation is scored for erythema, eschar and edema formation and corrosive action. These dermal irritation observations are repeated at various intervals after the chemical has been removed. Mucous membrane irritation is measured in a similar manner. Site specific mechanical responses within the respiratory tract and eyes are measured, and a chemical is classified as an irritant based on the conclusions of these tests.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     MBDC