FABRICS FAQ : textile glossary


Green Textile Terms begin with 'C'

A B C D E F G H I L M N O P R S T U V W



California Environmental Resources Evaluation System (CERES)

An information system developed by the California Resources Agency to facilitate access to a variety of electronic data describing California's diverse environments.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

carcinogen- probable

A known animal carcinogen, but carcinogenicity in humans has not been definitely proven (MAK 2 or TLV A2 or IARC Group 2A).
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     MBDC

carcinogen-known

A causal relationship has been established between exposure to the agent and human cancer (MAK 1 or TLV A1 or IARC Group 1).
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     MBDC

carcinogen-possible

A known animal carcinogen, but evidence of carcinogenicity in humans is non-existent, or there is limited evidence of carcinogenicity in humans and insufficient evidence of carcinogenicity in animals (MAK 3 or TLV A3 or IARC Group 2B)
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     MBDC

Chemical Abstract Service number (CAS number)

A number uniquely identifying each pure chemical compound.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     MBDC

Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD)

When a body of wastewater contains too much biological material, the bacteria and other microorganisms in it cannot successfully decompose all the organic matter for food, growth and energy. This breaking down of the biological material requires oxygen; therefore, by measuring the amount of oxygen that is depleted from the sample as a result of such bacterial action, the balance within the aquatic environment can be measured. Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) is a test that adds a strong chemical oxidizing agent to the wastewater sample in order to estimate the result of bacterial action. Although it is completely artificial, it is considered to yield a result that may be used as the basis on which to calculate a reasonably accurate and reproducible estimate of the oxygen-demanding properties of a wastewater. The COD's advantages (compared to the BOD test) are that it takes under three hours for completion and is not subject to the interference from toxic materials that can affect the results of the BOD. Both of these are standard tests for estimating the health of an aquatic environment.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

chlorofluorocarbon (CFC)

A compound consisting of chlorine, fluorine and carbon. CFCs are very stable in the troposphere. CFCs are commonly used as refrigerants, solvents and foam-blowing agents; uses of CFCs in aerosols are prohibited due to ozone depleting potential.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

chromium

Chromium is a steely-gray chemical element that has a high melting point and is often used in dyes, paints, and tanning of leather. It has an acute toxicity that can lead to organ failure in humans and it is also a carcinogen.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     Wikipedia

Clean Air Act (CAA)

The federal statute that regulates air emissions from area, stationary and mobile sources. This law authorizes the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to establish National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) to protect public health and the environment.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

Clean Water Act

The Federal Water Pollution Control Act Amendments of 1972, as amended in 1977, became commonly known as the Clean Water Act. The act established the basic structure for regulating discharges of pollutants into the waters of the United States.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

Clearance Time (CT )

The CT indicates the time needed to eliminate or biodegrade a substance to a certain percentage in an organism. For example, the CT50 indicates the time needed to eliminate 50% of a certain substance, analogous to the half-life time measure t1/2.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     MBDC

climatic relevance

A measure of the climate influencing characteristics of a substance. All compounds that contribute to global warming are listed here. Examples include carbon dioxide, methane, CFCs and sulfur hexafluoride.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     MBDC

closed loop

A type of manufacturing process that utilizes a cyclical material flow in order to minimize waste.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

compostable

Possessing the ability to break down into, or otherwise become part of, usable compost (e.g., soil-conditioning material, mulch) in a safe and timely manner.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     www.ftc.govos/1998/9804/63fr24240.pdf

Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA)

A 1980 federal statute that created the Superfund program and established a trust fund for the cleanup of abandoned and uncontrolled hazardous waste sites.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

content of halogenated organic

The column in the periodic chart of the elements that begins with Fluorine contains the halogens. These elements, when combined with organic compounds, form halogenated organic compounds. Most of these compounds are toxic, carcinogenic, persistent, ozone
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     MBDC

Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ)

The Council on Environmental Quality coordinates federal environmental efforts. CEQ reports annually to the President on the state of the environment; oversees federal agency implementation of the environmental impact assessment process; and acts as a referee when agencies disagree over the adequacy of such assessments.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     The White House Website

Cradle to Cradle (C2C)

A term used in life-cycle analysis to describe a material or product that is recycled into a new product at the end of its defined life.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

Cradle to Cradle Design

Cradle-to-Cradle Design is MBDC's design paradigm, based on principles and an understanding of the pursuit of value, as well as MBDC's processes for product and material research and development, and for educating and training. At a fundamental level, the new paradigm proposes that human design can learn from nature to be effective, safe, enriching and delightful. Cradle-to-Cradle Design models human industry on nature's processes, in which materials are viewed as nutrients circulating in healthy, safe metabolisms. Industry must protect and enrich ecosystems — nature's biological metabolism — while also maintaining safe, productive technical metabolism for the high-quality use and circulation of mineral, synthetic and other materials.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     MBDC

Cradle to Cradle Protocol

A scientifically based, peer reviewed process used to assess and optimize materials used in products and production processes in order to maximize health, safety, effectiveness and high quality reutilization over many product life-cycles.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     MBDC

criteria air pollutants

The six substances (ozone, lead, particulate matter, carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide and sulfur dioxide) used as indicators of air quality; the EPA has established a maximum concentration for each above which human health may be adversely affected.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary