FABRICS FAQ : textile glossary


Green Textile Terms begin with 'B'

A B C D E F G H I L M N O P R S T U V W



bamboo - natural (natural bamboo)

A fiber that is produced from original bamboo fibers and maintains all the original qualities inherent in bamboo. It is very similar to linen both in molecular structure and fiber characteristics.
CATEGORY : Fiber, Green
SOURCE :     Brentano, Inc.

bioaccumulation

The process by which substances are stored and accumulated in the tissue or organs of humans or animals.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     MBDC

biobased product

A commercial or industrial product (other than food or feed) that utilizes biological products or renewable domestic agricultural (plant, animal and marine) or forestry materials.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

biochemical oxygen demand (BOD)

When a body of wastewater contains too much biological material, the bacteria and other microorganisms in it cannot successfully decompose all the organic matter for food, growth and energy. This breaking down of the biological material requires oxygen; therefore, by measuring the amount of oxygen that is depleted from the sample as a result of such bacterial action, the balance within the aquatic environment can be measured. The BOD is a standard test, which takes five days to run, and is performed by introducing a population of bacteria and microorganisms to attempt to duplicate what would happen in a natural stream. The most commonly used method to estimate the total quantity of biodegradable organic material in wastewater. Compare to Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD).
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

bioconcentration factor (BCF)

A measure of the tendency for a chemical to accumulate. The ratio of the concentration of a substance in a living organism (mg/kg) to the concentration of that substance in the surrounding environment (mg/l for aquatic systems).
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     MBDC

biodegradable

Exhibiting the capability of being broken down (or decomposed or metabolized) by microorganisms and reduced to organic or inorganic molecules which can be further utilized by living systems.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

biodegradation

The process by which a substance or material is broken down (or decomposed) by microorganisms and reduced to organic or inorganic molecules that can be further utilized by living systems. Biodegradation can be aerobic, if oxygen is present, or anaerobic, if no oxygen is present.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     MBDC

biological metabolism

The natural processes of ecosystems are a biological metabolism, making safe and healthy use of materials in cycles of abundance
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     MBDC

biological nutrient

A biodegradable material posing no immediate or eventual hazard to living systems that can be used for human purposes and can safely return to the environment to feed environmental processes.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     MBDC

by-product

Anything produced in an industrial or biological process in addition to the principal product; a secondary and sometimes unexpected or unintended result.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary