FABRICS FAQ : textile glossary


Fabric Finish Related Terms begin with 'S'

A B C D E F G H I M N P Q R S T



satin finish

A glossy finish given to many fabrics.
CATEGORY : Finish
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

Scotchgard™

A registered brand name for a stain-repellent and rain-repellent finish.
CATEGORY : Finish
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

shearing

A mechanical process that cuts projecting fibers from the fabric face. It is especially used for wool and other fabrics with a tendency to pill.
CATEGORY : Finish
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

silicone finish

A liquid fluorocarbon treatment that is either sprayed or padded on to the fabric to make it resistant to water and oil-borne stains. See Scotchgard™ and Teflon™.
CATEGORY : Finish
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

sizing

1. A starch applied to warp threads to strengthen them for the strains of the weaving process. It is removed by scouring during finishing.
2. A starch applied to cotton or linen cloth that is removed when the fabric is washed.
CATEGORY : Finish
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990