FABRICS FAQ : textile glossary


Fiber / Yarn Related Terms begin with 'W'

A B C D F H J K L M N O P Q R S T V W



welt

1. A finished edge on knit goods, especially hosiery. In women's stockings, it is a wide band knitted from heavier yarn than the leg and folded on itself.
2. In other applications, it is a small cord covered with fabric and sewn along a seam or border to add strength. A seam made by folding the fabric double, generally over a cord, and sewing it.
3. Sometimes substituted for "pique."
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

wild silk

Produced by caterpillars other than the mulberry silkworm and cannot be artificially cultivated. A variety of wild silks have been known and used in China, South Asia, and Europe since early times, but the scale of production was always far smaller than that of cultivated silks. They also differ in color and texture. The cocoons are gathered in the wild. They usually have been damaged by the emerging moth before the cocoons are gathered, so the silk thread that makes up the cocoon has been torn into shorter lengths.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

wool

Fiber or fleece from the coats of sheep, known especially for its warmth, elasticity, luster and affinity for color. Wool fibers vary in crimp, length and thickness, and wool yarns usually combine fibers from several breeds of sheep.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

woolens

The name of a yarn and cloth usually made from wool. Woolen yarn is known for being light, stretchy and full of air. A good insulator and knitting yarn. Woolen yarn is in contrast to worsted yarn, which doesn't contain air and doesn't stretch as much.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper