FABRICS FAQ : textile glossary


Fiber / Yarn Related Terms begin with 'S'

A B C D F H J K L M N O P Q R S T V W



sheer

Any very thin almost transparent fabric.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

shrinkage

Treatments to remove most of a fabric's tendency to shrink. More common techniques include sponging, steaming, machine shrinking, cold-water shrinking and resin applications.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

silk

A natural protein fiber. The best-known type of silk is obtained from cocoons made by the larvae of the mulberry silkworm Bombyx mori reared in captivity (sericulture). The shimmering appearance for which silk is prized comes from the fibers' triangular prism-like structure which allows silk cloth to refract incoming light at different angles.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :      Brentano, Inc.

skin fiber

Skin fiber or bast fiber is plant fiber collected from the phloem (the "inner bark" or the skin) or bast surrounding the stem of certain, mainly dicotyledonic, plants. They support the conductive cells of the phloem and provide strength to the stem. Most of the technically important bast fibers are obtained from herbs cultivated in agriculture, as for instance flax, hemp, or ramie, rattan, bamboo.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :     Wikipedia

slippage

Sliding or slipping of warp threads along filling threads, or vice versa, in a fabric of smooth yarns or loose weave.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

slub

Soft, thick, uneven nub in a yarn that gives decorative textured effect to a weave.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

solution dyeing

The coloring of a synthetic solution before it is extruded into filament form. This method achieves a high degree of colorfastness; also called dope dyeing.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

space dyeing

The process of dyeing a single yarn or filament with two or more colors at regular or irregular intervals. Filament yarns are usually printed while spun yarns are dipped in different dye baths to obtain various hues.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

spandex

A synthetic fiber or fabric made from a polymer containing polyurethane, used in the manufacture of elastic clothing.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :      Brentano, Inc.

stabilizing

Any process which prevents fabrics from shrinking or stretching.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

Standard Industrial Classification (SIC)

Standard Industrial Classification codes indicate the company's type of business. These codes are also used in the Division of Corporation Finance as a basis for assigning review responsibility for the company's filings.
CATEGORY : Fiber, Weave
SOURCE :     US Securities and Exchange Commission

staple

The length of the fiber. Usually short lengths rather than one continuous strand or filament.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

stock dyeing

Also called fiber dyeing, stock dyeing refers to the dyeing of fibers, or stock, before it is spun into yarn. It is done by putting loose, unspun fibers into large vats containing the dye bath, which is then heated to proper temperature.
CATEGORY : Fiber, Yarn
SOURCE :     J.J. Pizzuto’s Fabric Science (9th Edition) by Allen C. Cohen & Ingrid Johnson

suede

A general term for leather with a wearing surface finished to a fine velvet-like nap.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

swatch

A small piece of cloth used as a sample of a fabric.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

synthetic fiber

A textile fiber made from a petrochemical rather than natural base. All synthetic fibers are man-made, but not all man-made fibers are synthetic.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990