FABRICS FAQ : textile glossary


Fiber / Yarn Related Terms begin with 'F'

A B C D F H J K L M N O P Q R S T V W



fiber

The most basic element in a cloth. Any tough, thread-like substance, natural or man-made, that can be spun, woven, felted, knitted or knotted into a fabric.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

fiber dyeing

Also called stock dyeing, fiber dyeing refers to the dyeing of fibers, or stock, before it is spun into yarn. It is done by putting loose, unspun fibers into large vats containing the dye bath, which is then heated to proper temperature.
CATEGORY : Fiber, Yarn
SOURCE :     J.J. Pizzuto’s Fabric Science (9th Edition) by Allen C. Cohen & Ingrid Johnson

filament

A fiber of indefinite length, either natural (silk) or man-made. Silk filament is the actual thread of a silkworm's cocoon, while man-made filament is produced by forcing a solution through a spinneret.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

flax

A fiber from the Linum plant used to manufacture linen.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

fleece

Fiber sheared from animals (such as sheep) and twisted into yarn for weaving.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :      Brentano, Inc.