FABRICS FAQ : textile glossary


Textile Terms begin with 'W'

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z



waffle cloth

A fabric similar to pique in texture and usually made of cotton, has a honey-comb weave made on dobby loom.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

wale

In knit fabrics, a column of loops lying lengthwise in the fabric. The number of wales per inch is a measure of the fineness of the fabric.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

warp

The set of yarn in all woven fabrics that runs lengthwise and parallel to the selvage and is interwoven with the filling. The sheet of yarns wound together on a beam for the purpose of weaving or warp knitting.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

warp knits

A kind of knitting in which a number of threads are chained with one or more contiguous threads on either side. Resistant to runs and relatively easy to sew.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

warp prints

Usually a plain weave, the warp yarns are printed before the filling is inserted. The fabric has a very fuzzy design when design is distorted as fabric is woven.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

warp-faced fabric

A woven cloth in which the warp yarns predominate over the filling yarns.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

washable

Capable of being washed without ruining or distorting the fabric.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

waste equals food

A principle of natural systems and MBDC that eliminates the concept of waste. In this design strategy, all materials are viewed as continuously valuable, circulating in closed loops of production, use and recycling.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     MBDC

waste prevention

Any change in the design, manufacturing, purchase or use of materials or products (including packaging) to reduce their amount or toxicity before they are discarded. Waste prevention also refers to the reuse of products or materials.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

waste reduction

Preventing or decreasing the amount of waste being generated through waste prevention, recycling or purchasing recycled and environmentally preferable products.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

wastewater

Water carrying dissolved or suspended solids from homes, farms, businesses and industries.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

water-repellent fabric

Cloth that is impervious to water, but still "breathes."
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

w-construction

A double-weave construction for cut-pile fabrics in which the pile yarns are caught and woven through a series of three weft yarns.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

wear test

A test for fabric wear, abrasion, flexibility, washing, crushing, creasing, etc., in which the fabric is made into a garment, worn for a specific time, then assessed for performance.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Vectran Fiber Website

weave

The structural pattern in which yarns are interlaced to produce a fabric. The basic weaves are plain, twill and satin.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

weaving

The process of making a cloth by interlacing the threads of the weft and the warp on a loom.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

weft

The horizontal or crosswise element in a cloth. Synonomous with fill.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

welt

1. A finished edge on knit goods, especially hosiery. In women's stockings, it is a wide band knitted from heavier yarn than the leg and folded on itself.
2. In other applications, it is a small cord covered with fabric and sewn along a seam or border to add strength. A seam made by folding the fabric double, generally over a cord, and sewing it.
3. Sometimes substituted for "pique."
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

wet & dry crocking

Transfer of dye from the surface of a dyed or printed fabric onto another surface by rubbing.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

wild silk

Produced by caterpillars other than the mulberry silkworm and cannot be artificially cultivated. A variety of wild silks have been known and used in China, South Asia, and Europe since early times, but the scale of production was always far smaller than that of cultivated silks. They also differ in color and texture. The cocoons are gathered in the wild. They usually have been damaged by the emerging moth before the cocoons are gathered, so the silk thread that makes up the cocoon has been torn into shorter lengths.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

wool

Fiber or fleece from the coats of sheep, known especially for its warmth, elasticity, luster and affinity for color. Wool fibers vary in crimp, length and thickness, and wool yarns usually combine fibers from several breeds of sheep.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

woolens

The name of a yarn and cloth usually made from wool. Woolen yarn is known for being light, stretchy and full of air. A good insulator and knitting yarn. Woolen yarn is in contrast to worsted yarn, which doesn't contain air and doesn't stretch as much.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD)

A coalition of 160 international companies chartered to promote sustainable development through economic growth, ecological balance and social progress.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

worsted

A general term applied to fabrics and yarns from combed wool and wool blends. Worsted yarn is smooth-surfaced and spun from evenly combed long staple. Worsted fabric is made from worsted yarns and is tightly woven with a smooth, hard surface. Examples are gabardine and serge.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

wrinkle recovery

The property of a fabric that enables it to recover from folding deformations.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

Wyzenbeek Test

A test used to measure a fabric's resistance to wear and abrasion. A fabric sample, pulled taut and weighted, is abraded with a cylinder covered with a 50 x 70 wire screen or a 10 oz. cotton duck cloth.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990