FABRICS FAQ : textile glossary


Textile Terms begin with 'V'

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z



vat-dyed

Material dyed by insoluble vat colors produced on the fabric by oxidation. Considered the most resistant to the effects of washing and sunlight. Originally applied to fabrics in big wooden vats.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

v-construction

A double-weave construction for cut-pile fabrics in which the pile yarns are caught by one shot of weft.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

velours

A closely napped fabric resembling velvet, used chiefly for clothing and upholstery.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

velvet

A warp pile fabric with short-cut close pile that gives a smooth rich surface, soft to the touch. Effect is obtained by weaving two faces together and shearing apart. One type of velvet has an uncut pile. Pile may be chemically dissolved to leave patterns on a chiffon or taffeta ground. Also pile may be pressed flat, as in a panné velvet.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

velveteen

Cotton or rayon pile fabric with short, close filling loops cut by sharp knives to create the velvety pile. Unlike velvet that is woven face to face, velveteen is woven singly.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

venise

A point lace without net background. The design is usually embroidered ground removed later by a chemical process that leaves only the embroidery.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

vicuna

A llama-like animal of the Andes. Expensive and scarce, it is considered the finest classified wool. Sale of this fiber is regulated by the Peruvian government. Naturally a reddish brown color, silky luster, with a soft, lush hand.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

vinyl

Any of various typically tough, flexible, shiny plastics, often used for coverings and clothing.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

virgin wool

Wool that has never been used or reclaimed from any spun, woven, knitted, felted, manufactured or used product.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

viscose

A manufactured fiber made of regenerated cellulose, most commonly obtained from wood pulp. The European word for Rayon.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

voile

A light, plain weave, sheer fabric of cotton, rayon, silk or wool used especially for making dresses and curtains.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

volatile organic compound (VOC)

Any compound that contains carbon and becomes a gas at room temperature. VOC emissions are regulated because they contribute to smog formation. The most common sources of VOC emissions are from storage and use of liquid and gaseous fuels, the storage and use of solvents and the combustion of fuels and can include housekeeping and maintenance products and building and furnishing materials. In sufficient quantities VOC emissions can cause eye, nose, and throat irritations, headaches, dizziness, visual disorders, memory impairment; some are known animal carcinogens; some are suspected or known human carcinogens.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary