FABRICS FAQ : textile glossary


Textile Terms begin with 'R'

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z



rabbit hair

Hair from the common rabbit or hare. Occasionally blended in various weaves and knits for softness or special effects.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

radium

A smooth, soft-luster plain-weave silk or rayon fabric similar to habutai.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

radzimir

A fine, lustrous silk fabric with embedded cross-ribs. Softer, less crisp and duller than taffeta.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

railroading

Applying fabric to furniture so that the weft runs vertically, avoiding intermediate seam detailing.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

ramie

A tall, tropical Asian perennial herb, Boehmeria nivea, cultivated for its fibrous stems. Ramie is the fiber extracted from this plant, resembling flax. Used chiefly for table linen.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :      Brentano, Inc.

ratine

A loosely woven fabric with a rough nubby texture. Also called eponge, frisé and sponge cloth.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :      Brentano, Inc.

raveling

The fraying of yarn at the cut edge of a cloth.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

raw silk

The fabric or yarn made from untreated silk as reeled from a cocoon
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :      Brentano, Inc.

rayon

A man-made fiber produced by forcing a cellulose solution through fine spinnerets and solidifying the resulting filaments. Also referred to as cuprammonium and viscose.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :      Brentano, Inc.

reactive dyes

Used to dye cellulose fibers. Reacting chemically with the molecules of the fibers, resulting in unusually fast, brilliant colors. Also referred to as "fiber reactive dyes".
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

reclaimed polymer

Synthetic waste from any source such as carpet, fabric, yarn or soda bottles that is melted down and re-extruded.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

reclamation

The act of retrieving any material from a waste stream in order to save it from loss and restore to usefulness.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

recovered materials

Waste materials and by-products which have been recovered or diverted from solid waste, but the term does not include those materials and by-products generated from, and commonly reused within, an original manufacturing process (42 U.S.C. 6903 (19)).
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

recyclability

The ability of a product or material to be recovered from, or otherwise diverted from, the solid waste stream for the purpose of recycling.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

recycled product

A product made in whole or part from material recovered from the waste stream.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

recycling

The series of activities, including collection, separation and processing, by which products or other materials are recovered from the solid waste stream. The products are then used in the form of raw materials in the manufacture of new products, other than fuel for producing heat or power by combustion.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

reed

The comblike device on a loom through which the warp ends pass.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemical (REACH)

REACH is a new European Community Regulation on chemicals and their safe use (EC 1907/2006). It deals with the Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of Chemical substances. The new law entered into force on 1 June 2007. The aim of REACH is to improve the protection of human health and the environment through the better and earlier identification of the intrinsic properties of chemical substances. At the same time, innovative capability and competitiveness of the EU chemicals industry should be enhanced. The benefits of the REACH system will come gradually, as more and more substances are phased into REACH.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     European Commission

renewable

Capable of being replaced by natural ecological cycles or sound management practices.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

renewable energy

Energy derived from sources that do not become depleted, such as the sun, wind, oceans, rivers, eligible biomass and heat from the earth's interior.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

reprocessed fiber

Fiber made from fabric which was never put into use.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

resilience

The property of a textile material to recover from a deformed state.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

resin

A synthetic finish applied to fabric to add water repellence, resistance to crushing or luster.
CATEGORY : Finish
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

resist dyeing

A pattern and ground created by methods used to "resist" or prevent the dye from reaching all the cloth.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

resist prints

Made by printing the designs using substance that resists dye stuffs. The fabric is often piece dyed to obtain the wanted color.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA)

The federal statute that is an amendment to the Solid Waste Disposal Act (of 1965). The four primary goals of RCRA are as follows: protection of human health and the environment from potential hazards associated with hazardous waste disposal; conservation of energy and natural resources; reduction of the amount of hazardous waste generated; and enforcement of environmentally sound waste management practices. Adopted by Congress in 1976.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

retting

Retting is a process employing the action of micro-organisms and moisture on plants to dissolve or rot away much of the cellular tissues and pectins surrounding bast-fibre bundles, and so facilitating separation of the fiber from the stem. It is used in the production of fiber from plant materials such as flax and hemp stalks and coir from coconut husks.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :     Wikipedia

reusable

Capable of being used again after salvaging, special treatment or processing.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

reverse twill weave

A patterned twill weave using both right and left hand twills.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

rib

Usually a straight cord formed by a heavy thread, length wise, crosswise or diagonal.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

ribbon

A narrow woven fabric with woven selvage for trimming or decoration.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper