FABRICS FAQ : textile glossary


Textile Terms begin with 'O'

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z



Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)

The federal agency established in 1971, to ensure safe and healthful workplaces in the U.S. through leadership, enforcement, outreach, education and compliance assistance
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

Octanol-Water Partitioning Coefficient (Pow)

A measure of the tendency of a chemical to partition between an aliphatic hydrocarbon system and an aqueous system. Often used as a predictor for bioaccumulation potential.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     MBDC

Oeko-Tex

A European standard for the impact of textiles on human ecology and the environment
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

olefin

A generic name for a manufactured fiber that is characterized by its resistance to moisture and chemicals. Since it resists dyeing, colored olefin fibers are produced by adding dye directly to the polymer prior to or during melt spinning.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :     fibersource.com

ondule

Wavy effect in a fabric achieved by weaving.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

optimization

An act, process or methodology of making something (as a design, system or decision) as fully perfect, functional or effective as possible.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

organdy

Sheer, plain cotton weave made of fine combed yarns.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

organza

French for transparent, crisp silk organdy.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

ottoman

Heavy corded silk or synthetic fabric with larger and rounder ribs than a faille. Fillings are usually cotton or wool, and should be completely covered by the silk or man-made fiber warp.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Introductory Textile Science (5th edition) by Marjory L. Joseph

overplaid

Double plaid in which weave or color effect is arranged in blocks of the same or different sizes, one over the other.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

oxford cloth

A soft, somewhat porous cotton shirting fabric with a silk like luster finish. Made in a basketweave construction, and available in colors or solids. The cloth tends to soil easily because of the soft bulky filling yarns.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

ozone

A bluish gas that is harmful to breathe. Nearly 90% of the Earth's ozone is in the stratosphere and is referred to as the ozone layer. Ozone absorbs a band of ultraviolet radiation called UVB that is particularly harmful to living organisms. The ozone layer prevents most UVB from reaching the ground.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

ozone depleting substance (ODS)

Substances that release chlorine or bromine atoms when they break down which then deplete ozone. CFCs, HCFCs, halons, methyl bromide, carbon tetrachloride and methyl chloroform are ODSs, which are generally very stable in the troposphere and only degrade under intense ultraviolet light in the stratosphere.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

ozone-depletion potential (ODP)

This is the measure of the ozone-depleting characteristics of the substance. Ozone depletion in the upper atmosphere leads to an increase of UV-radiation on the Earth and, as a result, an increase in skin cancer. CFCs are included here.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     MBDC