FABRICS FAQ : textile glossary


Textile Terms begin with 'N'

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z



nacre velvet

Velvet with back of one color and pile of another, resulting in a changeable, pearly appearance.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

nap

The cut-pile or fuzzy surface finish of a cloth.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

napped

Various fabrics finished with a brushing that raises the surface.
CATEGORY : Finish
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS)

Air quality standards required by the Clean Air Act that monitor six pollutants, known as criteria pollutants, considered harmful to public health and the environment. The Clean Air Act established two types of national air quality standards: primary standards set limits to protect public health, including the health of sensitive populations such as asthmatics, children and the elderly; and secondary standards set limits to protect public welfare, including protection against decreased visibility, damage to animals, crops, vegetation and buildings. The EPA sets and monitors the levels for these standards.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA)

An act that requires federal agencies to integrate environmental values into their decision making processes by considering the environmental impacts of their proposed actions and reasonable alternatives to those actions. To meet this requirement, federal agencies prepare a detailed statement known as an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS). EPA reviews and comments on EISs prepared by other federal agencies, maintains a national filing system for all EISs, and assures that its own actions comply with NEPA.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA)

needle point

Simple stitch embroidery completely covering mesh or canvas grounds.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

ninon

A sheer fabric of silk, rayon or nylon made in a variety of tight, smooth weaves or open, lacy patterns.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :      Brentano, Inc.

noil

A short fiber combed from long fibers during the preparation of textile yarns.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :      Brentano, Inc.

nonpoint source pollution

Pollution caused by rainfall or snowmelt moving over and through the ground. As the runoff moves, it picks up and carries away natural and human-made pollutants, finally depositing them into lakes, rivers, wetlands, coastal waters and underground sources of drinking water.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

nonpoint source pollution (NPS Pollution)

Pollution caused by rainfall or snowmelt moving over and through the ground. As the runoff moves, it picks up and carries away natural and human-made pollutants, finally depositing them into lakes, rivers, wetlands, coastal waters and underground sources of drinking water.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

nonrenewable energy

An energy source, such as oil or natural gas, or a natural resource, such as a metallic ore, that cannot be replenished or replaced after it has been used.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

non-woven

A material made of fibers in a web or mat held together by a bonding agent that is not woven, knitted or spun.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)

Implementation of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) began on January 1, 1994. This agreement removes most barriers to trade and investment among the United States, Canada and Mexico.
CATEGORY : Fiber, Weave
SOURCE :     USDA Foreign Agricultural Service

novelty yarns

Yarns spun with varied twists, tufts and loops to achieve textural effects.
CATEGORY : Yarn
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

NSF International (NSF)

NSF International is an independent, not-for-profit organization that provides standards development, product certification, auditing, education and risk management for public health and the environment. Manufacturers, regulators and consumers alike look to NSF International for the development of public health standards and certification that help protect the world's food, water, health and consumer products.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     NSF International

NSF/ANSI 336 Certification

Sustainability Assessment for Commercial Furnishings Fabric addresses the environmental, economic and social aspects of furnishing fabric products, including woven, non-woven, bonded and knitted fabrics used for upholstery (e.g. office and hotel furniture), vertical (e.g. drapery or panel systems fabric) and decorative top of bed applications (e.g. bedspreads) commonly used in institutional, hospitality and office settings. The standard also incorporates life cycle assessment criteria, which measures inputs, outputs and environmental impacts of textile products across their entire lifespan (cradle to grave).
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     NSF International

nubbed fabric

A fabric decorated with novelty yarn containing slubs, knots, beads or lumps.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

nylon

A generic name for manufactured fiber made of synthetic polyamides (a type of nitrogen-containing polymer). Strong and elastic, it can be formed into fibers, sheets or bristles, and is used to make fabrics, plastics and molded products.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :      Brentano, Inc.