FABRICS FAQ : textile glossary


Textile Terms begin with 'M'

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z



man-made fiber

Any fiber that is manufactured whether natural or synthetic in origin.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

marl

Two yarns of different colors twisted around each other.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

Martindale Test

A wear abrasion test used extensively in Europe. The fabric's warp and weft are abraded at the same time.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

matelassé

An intricately woven fabric created with two sets of warp and filler threads in a double weave giving an embossed, puckered or quilted effect. From the French word meaning "to quilt" or "to pad".
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :      Brentano, Inc.

material

A group of one or more chemicals that together comprise a component or input to a finished product.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     MBDC

Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)

A document required by OSHA that contains information about hazardous chemicals in the workplace in order to insure the safety and health of the user at all stages of a material's manufacture, storage, use and disposal.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

MBDC

MBDC is a product and process design firm that was founded in 1995 by William McDonough and Dr. Michael Braungart to promote and shape what they call the "Next Industrial Revolution" through the introduction of a new design paradigm called Cradle to Cradle Design, and the implementation of eco-effective design principles.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     MBDC

McDonough Braungart Design Chemistry (MBDC)

MBDC is a product and process design firm that was founded in 1995 by William McDonough and Dr. Michael Braungart to promote and shape what they call the "Next Industrial Revolution" through the introduction of a new design paradigm called Cradle to Cradle Design, and the implementation of eco-effective design principles.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     www.mbdc.com

mercerization

A treatment applied to cotton yarn and/or fabric to improve luster and increase the receptiveness of the fiber to dyes.
CATEGORY : Fiber, Finish
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

merino

Wool from the merino sheep used to make fine, soft fabrics resembling cashmere.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

mesh

Any fabric woven or knitted with an open texture, fine or coarse.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

mohair

Long, fine hair fiber from the angora goat.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :      Brentano, Inc.

moire

A finish or process applied to fabrics in which the warp has yarn of harder twist than the filling. The moire effect resembles water ripples and is produced by engraved rollers, heat, pressure, steam and chemicals.
CATEGORY : Finish
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

moleskin

A heavy sateen-weave, often napped or sheared to give a suede effect.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

monk's cloth

A heavy, loosely woven basketweave in solid colors, with stripes or plaids.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Introductory Textile Science (5th edition) by Marjory L. Joseph

monofilament

A single-ply, untwisted yarn that may be either a man-made fiber extruded from a chemical solution or the single thread of the silkworm.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

mossy crepe

Various crepes constructed to have a mossy look.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

motif

The feature or subject of a composition or work.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

mourning crepe

A dull, semi-sheer crepe which often has a moire effect.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

mousseline

A fine, sheer fabric resembling muslin.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :      Brentano, Inc.

muga

One of the best wild silks, grown in India; means light brown.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

muslin

Plain-weave sturdy cotton fabrics.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :      Brentano, Inc.

mutagen

This is a substance that may cause hereditary disorders in offspring due to mutations in the chromosomes of the male or female reproductive cells. These mutations can be alterations in the structure or number of chromosomes, or nucleotide substitutions known as point mutations.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     MBDC