FABRICS FAQ : textile glossary


Textile Terms begin with 'L'

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z



lace

A delicate fabric made of yarn or thread in an open web like pattern without the aid of a ground fabric.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :      Brentano, Inc.

lambs wool

The first fleece taken from a sheep up to seven months old. Softer, superior quality than wools taken from older sheep that have been previously shorn.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

lamé

Brocade with metal pattern or ground. Also, plain metal fabric and fabric embroidered with metal.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

lampas

A multi-warped weave with ornamental designs.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :      Brentano, Inc.

lawn

A sheer, plain cotton weave made of fine combed yarns, often in a high thread count.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED™)

A point-based rating system developed by The U.S. Green Building Council Rating System for Sustainable Development (USGBC) to assess new and existing commercial buildings for a variety of earth-friendly features.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design Accredited Professionals (LEED AP)

LEED Professional Accreditation distinguishes building professionals with the knowledge and skills to successfully steward the LEED certification process. LEED Accredited Professionals (LEED APs) have demonstrated a thorough understanding of green building practices and principles and the LEED Rating System. More than 43,000 people have earned the credential since the Professional Accreditation program was launched in 2001.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     www.usgbc.org

leather

An animal skin that has been transformed into useful material through tanning.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

leno

A structure in which pairs of warp yarns are twisted around each other between filling yarns, giving open-weave fabrics firmness and durability.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Introductory Textile Science (5th edition) by Marjory L. Joseph

Lethal Concentration 50 (LC50)

An LC50 value is the concentration of a specific material in the air that will kill 50% of the test subjects (animals, usually) when administered as a single exposure (typically 1 or 4 hours) under specified laboratory conditions. This value allows comparison of the relative toxicity of different materials.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     MBDC

Lethal Dose 50 (LD50)

The median lethal dose (LD50) is the statistically derived median dose of a substance that can be expected to cause death in 50 percent of the test animals.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     MBDC

life cycle assessment, life cycle analysis (LCA)

A technique for assessing the potential environmental impacts of a product by examining all the material and energy inputs and outputs at each life cycle stage.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     MBDC

life cycle cost (LCC)

The amortized annual cost of a product, including capital costs, installation costs, operating costs, maintenance costs and disposal costs discounted over the lifetime of the product.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

life cycle inventory (LCI)

The part of the LCA process that quantifies the energy, input of raw material and releases of material into the environment that are associated with each stage of production.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

lightfastness

Resistance to fading to the effects of sun or light.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

linen

Yarn, thread or fabric made of flax fibers. Noted especially for its strength, cool hand and luster.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

Living Building Challenge

A standard launched in 2006 that defines measures of sustainability in the built environment and acts to diminish the gap between current limits and ideal solutions. Advanced by the Cascadia Region Green Building Council and the International Living Future Institute (formerly known as the International Living Building Institute), this certification program covers all building at all scales with the goal of a future that is Socially Just, Culturally Rich and Ecologically Benign.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     International Living Future Institute

Living Building Challenge Red List

This list is composed of materials that the International Living Future Institute (formerly known as the International Living Building Institute) and the Cascadia Region Green Building Council believe should be phased out of production due to health/toxicity concerns.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     International Living Future Institute

llama

The soft, strong underfleece of the llama, a South American animal similar to but smaller than a camel.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

loft

The bulk or resilience of a fabric, yarn or fiber.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

loom

A weaving machine that produces textiles by interlacing warp and filling yarns.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

Lurex

Non-tarnishable aluminum yarns.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper