FABRICS FAQ : textile glossary


Textile Terms begin with 'G'

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z



gabardine

A sturdy, tightly woven fabric of cotton, wool or rayon twill.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :      Brentano, Inc.

galloon

A narrow band or braid used as trimming and commonly made of lace, metallic thread or embroidery.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :      Brentano, Inc.

georgette

A sheer, strong silk or silk like clothing fabric with a dull, creped surface.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :      Brentano, Inc.

gingham

Plain weave cotton fabric. Usually yarn dyed and woven to create stripes, checks or plaids.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Introductory Textile Science (5th edition) by Marjory L. Joseph

glazed

Cotton fabrics such as chintz or tartan treated to give them a polished look.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

Global Reporting Initiative (GRI)

The Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) is a multi-stakeholder process and independent institution whose mission is to develop and disseminate globally applicable Sustainability Reporting Guidelines.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

Global Warming Potential (GWP)

A scale used to relate a compound to the CO2 equivalents to measure the potential heating effects on the atmosphere.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     MBDC

grain

An invisible vertical line parallel to the selvage of a fabric. The pattern visible on the outer surface of a hide after the hair has been removed.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

green

An adjective used to describe something that is perceived to be beneficial to the environment.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

GREENGUARD™

A certification and labeling program for interior products and building materials in reference to indoor air quality.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

greenhouse gas (GHG)

Certain gases (including water vapor, carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and ozone and several classes of halogenated carbons that contain fluorine, chlorine and bromine) that allow solar radiation to reach Earth's surface and become absorbed, yet trap thermal radiation leaving the earth's surface. Outgoing thermal radiation absorbed by these gases heats the atmosphere. The atmosphere then emits thermal radiation both outward into space and downward to Earth, further warming the surface.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

GreenShield®

A topical stain resistant finish that utilizes 7-10 times fewer fluorocarbons than similar finishes and releases no VOC emissions. The technology is based on amorphous silica nanoparticles that permanently adhere to a fabric in a mesh network that prevents particles from becoming airborne.
CATEGORY : Finish, Green
SOURCE :     GreenShield®

grenadine

A fine, loosely woven fabric in a leno weave.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

grey goods

Woven fabric as it comes from the loom; undyed, unbleached, unprinted and unfinished. Also called greige goods.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

grinning

The condition in which the ground cloth of a pile fabric becomes visible when it is folded or creased.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

grosgrain

A closely woven silk or rayon fabric with narrow horizontal ribs.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :      Brentano, Inc.

grospoint

A non-directional uncut pile fabric that is warp-looped and extremely resilient and hard wearing. Made of wool or man-made fibers, it generally has larger loops than a frisé.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990