FABRICS FAQ : textile glossary


Textile Terms begin with 'F'

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z



fabric widths

Upholstery fabrics are generally manufactured in widths 48"=120 cm, 60"=150 cm. Normal upholstery yardage requirements are based on 50"-54" goods.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

face

The side of the fabric which is visible when upholstered on furniture.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

faille

A soft, slightly glossy fabric in a rib weave, with a light, flat, crosswise rib or cord made by using heavier yarns in the filling and not the warp.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Introductory Textile Science (5th edition) by Marjory L. Joseph

Federal Trade Commission (FTC)

The U.S. federal agency with regulatory and enforcement authority directed towards stopping actions that threaten consumers' opportunities to exercise informed choices.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

felt

A fabric of matted, compressed animal fibers, such as wool or fur, sometimes mixed with vegetable or synthetic fibers.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :      Brentano, Inc.

fiber

The most basic element in a cloth. Any tough, thread-like substance, natural or man-made, that can be spun, woven, felted, knitted or knotted into a fabric.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

fiber dyeing

Also called stock dyeing, fiber dyeing refers to the dyeing of fibers, or stock, before it is spun into yarn. It is done by putting loose, unspun fibers into large vats containing the dye bath, which is then heated to proper temperature.
CATEGORY : Fiber, Yarn
SOURCE :     J.J. Pizzuto’s Fabric Science (9th Edition) by Allen C. Cohen & Ingrid Johnson

fiber reactive dye

Used to dye cellulose fibers. Reacting chemically with the molecules of the fibers, resulting in unusually fast, brilliant colors. Also referred to as "reactive dyes".
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

filament

A fiber of indefinite length, either natural (silk) or man-made. Silk filament is the actual thread of a silkworm's cocoon, while man-made filament is produced by forcing a solution through a spinneret.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

fill

Crosswise yarns in the weave, synonymous with weft.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

Fish Toxicity

Several Genera and Species of fish found in lakes, ponds and streams that are part of the food chain are tested for their reaction to chemical exposure. Chemicals that kill fish are considered dangerous to aquatic eco-systems due to the possible food chain effects and food source depletion. Fish Toxicity is a measure of a substance's toxicity when consumed by these various types of fish. A common measuring tool is LC50 ("lethal concentration"), which is the concentration of a substance in the water required to kill fifty (50) percent of the fish test population. If LC50 < 10 mg/L, the substance is considered fish toxic.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     MBDC

flame retardant

A chemical applied to a fiber, yarn or fabric to reduce its tendency to burn.
CATEGORY : Finish
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

flammability

The measurement of a fabric's performance when it is exposed to specific sources of ignition.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

flannel

A soft plain or twill woven fabric of wool or a blend of wool and cotton or synthetics.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

flax

A fiber from the Linum plant used to manufacture linen.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

fleece

Fiber sheared from animals (such as sheep) and twisted into yarn for weaving.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :      Brentano, Inc.

float

Portion of warp or weft that covers two or more adjacent warp or weft threads to form a design.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

For Association Contract Textiles (FACTS)

The Facts icon indicates that a textile has been evaluated by an independent third party certification body, authorized by the Association for Contract Textiles, according to the requirements of the multi-attribute sustainability standard NSF/ANSE 336.  The comprehensive examination for Facts assesses both the composition of textiles and the process by which they are manufactured.  Once a textile becomes Facts compliant, it can achieve a Facts Silver, Gold or Platinum rating by earning points for additional sustainability criteria.

CATEGORY :
SOURCE :      Brentano, Inc.

foulard

A lightweight twill or plain-woven fabric of silk or silk and cotton, usually having a small printed design.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :      Brentano, Inc.

fringe

An ornamental border consisting of short lengths of hanging threads or tassels, often attached to a separate band.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :      Brentano, Inc.

frisé

French for curl. Applied to different weaves made of looped, knotted or curled yarns.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper