FABRICS FAQ : textile glossary


Textile Terms begin with 'E'

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z



eco-effectiveness

MBDC's strategy for designing human industry that is safe, profitable and regenerative, producing economic, ecological and social value.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     MBDC

eco-efficiency

The ability to produce and deliver desirable, competitively priced goods and services while progressively reducing the ecological impacts of these actions; Coined in 1992 by the World Business Council for Sustainable Development WBCSD.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

ecological intelligence

A product or process designed to embody the intelligence of natural systems (such as nutrient cycling, interdependence, abundance, diversity, solar power, regeneration).
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     MBDC

Effect Concentration 50 (EC50 )

The median exposure concentration (EC50) is the median concentration of a substance that causes some effect in 50 percent of the test animals.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     MBDC

embodied energy

The total quantity of mass of materials required to produce, recycle or dispose of raw material and products.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

embossed

Figures or design raised on the surface of the fabric usually with engraved heat rollers.
CATEGORY : Finish
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

embroidery

Designs stitched in strands of thread or yarn using a needle to decorate fabric or other materials.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :      Brentano, Inc.

Emergency Planning and Community Right-To-Know Act (EPCRA)

The federal statute (of 1986) that is the third part of the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986, also known as SARA Title III. This law requires facilities to report the chemicals that they store, established the State Emergency Response Commission (SERC) and the Local Emergency Planning Committees (LEPC) and led to the adoption of the OSHA HAZWOPER standard.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

Encouraging Environmental Excellence (E3)

A voluntary rating system for textile factories developed by The American Textile Manufacturers Institute.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

end and end

A weave with two colors alternating in warp yarns.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

endocrine disruptors

A substance that mimics, blocks or interferes with hormones and their production, metabolism and excretion causing malfunction of the endocrine system, which can lead to malfunction of the reproductive, nervous and immune systems.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     MBDC

Enviro-Mark

Enviro-Mark was developed in the United Kingdom to provide an Environmental Management System (EMS) accessible to all organizations. Enviro-Mark provides businesses with a framework to systematically assess their performance against agreed standards. Their are five standards, and achievement of each is verified by an external audit.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     Landcare Research

environment

The complex of physical, chemical and biotic factors (such as climate, soil and living things) that act upon an organism or an ecological community and ultimately determine its form and survival.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

Environmental Impact Statement (EIS)

Federal laws and regulations (including NEPA, the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969) require the federal government to evaluate effects of its actions on the environment and to consider alternative courses of action. An EIS is the required document that describes the positive and negative impacts on the environment as a result of a proposed action, impacts of alternatives and ways to mitigate the impacts. The Council for Environmental Quality (CEQ) regulations stipulates the recommended format and content of Environmental Impact Statements.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

Environmental Management System (EMS)

An industry-developed and driven management structure that prioritizes compliance with environmental policy objectives and targets effective implementation of environmentally-focused procedures; a key feature of an EMS is the preparation of documented systems, procedures and instructions to ensure effective communication and continuity of such implementation. ISO 14001 specifies the actual requirements for an EMS standard and is the most widely recognized system of this type.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

The U.S. federal agency established in July of 1970 to protect human health and to safeguard the natural environment, air, water and land upon which life depends; works closely with other federal agencies, state and local governments and Indian tribes to develop and enforce regulations under existing environmental laws; provides leadership in the nation's environmental science, research, education and assessment efforts; and is responsible for researching and setting national standards for a variety of environmental programs and delegates to states and tribes; responsible for issuing permits, and monitoring and enforcing compliance.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

Environmental Protection Encouragement Agency (EPEA)

Founded by Michael Braungart in 1987. The Environmental Protection Encouragement Agency applies Cradle to Cradle methodology to design of new processes, products and services. Headquarters are located in Hamburg, Germany.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

environmentally preferable

Products or services that have a lesser or reduced effect on human health and the environment when compared with competing products or services that serve the same purpose. This comparison may consider raw materials acquisition, production, manufacturing, packaging, distribution, reuse, operation, maintenance or disposal of the product or service.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

épinglé

A type of velvet fabric woven on a wire loom or épinglé loom. The épinglé velvet is specific by the fact that both loop pile and cut pile can be integrated into the same fabric.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :      Brentano, Inc.

European Eco-Label (EU-Eco )

A labeling system using a flower symbol to designate products that have been checked by independent bodies and certified compliant with strict ecological and performance criteria.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     www.eco-label.com

eutraphication

Excessive growth of algal blooms in streams, lakes and other waterways due to the addition of excessive amounts of plant nutrients (primarily phosphorus, nitrogen and carbon), which often results from fertilizer runoff and the addition of untreated sewage to waterways; causes the depletion of oxygen from the water and, in turn, kills the fish and other oxygen-dependent organisms that live in the water.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

Extremely Hazardous Substance (EHS)

Any one of over 366 hazardous chemicals on a list compiled by the EPA to provide a focus for state and local emergency planning.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

eyelash

A fabric spotted with fringe oblongs resembling eyelashes.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper