FABRICS FAQ : textile glossary


Textile Terms begin with 'D'

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z



damask

Jacquard woven, firm textured fabric with a raised pattern similar to a brocade but flatter.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Introductory Textile Science (5th edition) by Marjory L. Joseph

Daphnia toxicity

Water fleas of the genus Daphnia can be found in most ponds and streams. They feed upon microscopic particles of organic matter and are in turn food for fish and other aquatic organisms. Daphnia Toxicity is a measure of a substance's toxicity when consumed by these water fleas. A common measuring tool for Daphnia Toxicity is EC50 ("effective concentration"), which is the concentration of a substance in the water required to immobilize 50 percent of the test animals. If EC50<10 mg/liter, the substance is named Daphnia Toxic.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     MBDC

delustering

The application of a chemical treatment that reduces the sheen of man-made yarns and fabric.
CATEGORY : Finish
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

denier

A unit of weight indicating the size of a filament. The higher the denier number, the heavier the yarn.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

denim

A washable, strong, twilled cotton cloth with the warp yarns dyed blue and undyed filling yarns.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Introductory Textile Science (5th edition) by Marjory L. Joseph

density

The number of picks and ends in a cloth.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

Department of Transportation Hazardous Material (DOT)

Materials that have been designated by the DOT to pose an unreasonable risk to human health, safety and/or property when transported.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

design for disassembly

Designing a product to be dismantled for easier maintenance, repair, recovery and reuse of components and materials.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     MBDC

dimity

A lightweight, sheer cotton fabric having at least two warp threads thrown into relief to form fine cords.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :      Brentano, Inc.

Dioctyl Phthalate (DOP)

The most widely used plasticisers, primarily to make soft and flexible PVC for applications in the automotive, construction, textile, and medical industries. Can cause birth defects and cancer, based on animal test data.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     Chemicalland21.com

direct print

A pattern and/or ground color printed on the fabric in the desired colors.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Brentano, Inc.

disperse dye

Sparingly soluble in water, particles of dye disperse in water and slowly dissolve into the fibers. Disperse dyes can be applied to a wide variety of fibers, but are really the only practical means of coloring acetate and polyester fibers.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Understanding Textiles (7th ed.) by Billie J. Collier, Martin J. Bide & Phyllis G. Tortora

dobby

Term applied to the loom or fabric. A dobby control on a loom controls the harnesses to permit the weaving of small geometric patterns. A dobby fabric, is made on a dobby loom and has a small geometric design.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Introductory Textile Science (5th edition) by Marjory L. Joseph

double-weave

A type of advanced weave achieved by interlacing two or more sets of warps with two or more sets of filling yarns. Face and back may contrast in weave and color.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :      Brentano, Inc.

doupion

A silk thread made from two cocoons united by two worms spinning close together. The yarn is uneven, irregular and thicker than that from one cocoon. Used in slub fabrics.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

downcycling

The practice of recycling a material in such a way that much of its inherent value is lost (for example, recycling plastic into park benches).
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     MBDC

duck

A compact, durable plain-weave cotton fabric.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990

duvetyn

A very high-quality cloth resembling a compact velvet. It has a velvety hand resulting from the short nap that covers its surface, completely concealing its twill weave.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Introductory Textile Science (5th edition) by Marjory L. Joseph

dye affinity

The susceptibility of a fiber to various dyestuffs.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :     Midwest Decorative Fabrics Association Textile Resources Directory, 1990