FABRICS FAQ : textile glossary


Textile Terms begin with 'A'

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z



acetate

A manufactured fiber from cellulose acetate.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

acid rain

The release of materials which have been transformed by chemical processes in the atmosphere and are then deposited on earth through rain, sleet or fog. These materials can cause damage to buildings and harm terrestrial, animal, plant and human health.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

acrylic

Generic term for a manufactured fiber in which the fiber-forming substance is any long-chain synthetic polymer composed of at least 85 percent by weight of acrylonitrile units.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :     Introductory Textile Science (5th edition) by Marjory L. Joseph

Agion®

Agion® antimicrobial technology is based on naturally occurring elements (silver and copper ions). It is not a topical treatment; rather, it is extruded into a polyester fiber. The embedded Agion® technology allows for controlled antimicrobial release effective against damaging bacteria, mold, mildew, and fungi.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :     Agion®

algae toxicity

Several genera and species of green algae found in lakes, ponds and streams that are responsible for both aquatic oxygen balance and food sources for fish are tested for their reaction to chemical exposure. Chemicals that kill algae are considered dangerous.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     MBDC

alpaca

Long, fine hair fibers from the alpaca, an animal native to South America.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :     Introductory Textile Science (5th edition) by Marjory L. Joseph

American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists (AATCC)

Founded in 1921, the AATCC is the world's leading not-for-profit professional association for the textile design, materials, processing and testing industries. AATCC has thousands of individual and corporate members in more than 60 countries. The Association is internationally recognized for its standard methods of testing dyed and chemically treated fibers and fabrics to measure and evaluate such performance characteristics as colorfastness to light and washing, smoothness appearance, soil release, shrinkage, water resistance, and the many other conditions to which textiles may be subjected.
CATEGORY : Fiber, Weave
SOURCE :     www.aatcc.org

American National Standards Institute (ANSI)

ANSI facilitates the development of American National Standards (ANS) by accrediting the procedures of standards developing organizations (SDOs). These groups work cooperatively to develop voluntary national consensus standards like NSF/ANSI 336, the Sustainability Assessment for Commercial Furnishings Fabric.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     American National Standards Institute

American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM)

A nonprofit organization that provides a voluntary consensus system for developing standards through committees composed of producers, engineers, academics, regulatory bodies and other stakeholders.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     www.astm.org

American Textile Manufacturers Institute (ATMI)

The U.S. textile industry's trade association for the domestic textile industry; activities encompass government relations, international trade, product and administrative services, communications and economic information.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

angora

Fine, lightweight hair fiber from the Angora rabbit. Hair fibers from the angora goat are typically referred to as mohair.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :     Introductory Textile Science (5th edition) by Marjory L. Joseph

animal fibers

Fibers of animal origin such as wool, alpaca, camel hair and silk.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :     Introductory Textile Science (5th edition) by Marjory L. Joseph

antibacterial finish

A treatment of a textile material to make it resistant to, or to retard growth of, bacteria.
CATEGORY : Finish
SOURCE :     Introductory Textile Science (5th edition) by Marjory L. Joseph

antimony

A silvery-white metal found in the earth's crust; frequently alloyed with lead to increase its hardness and strength. When combined with oxygen, it produces antimony trioxide.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

antimony trioxide

A compound used as a fire retardant and as a catalyst to manufacture PET (polyethylene terephthalate.) It is a suspected human carcinogen.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

applique

An ancient needlework technique in which pieces of fabric, embroidery or other materials are sewn onto a foundation fabric to create designs.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :      Brentano, Inc.

aquatic toxicity

The use or release of substances that have a toxic impact on aquatic species.
CATEGORY : Green
SOURCE :     ACT Glossary

argyle

A pattern consisting of diamond shapes of different colors knit in a fabric.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper

armure

A plain, striped, ribbed or woven fabric having small fancy designs that suggest chain armor.
CATEGORY : Weave
SOURCE :     answers.com

Association for Contract Textiles (ACT)

The Association for Contract Textiles is a nonprofit organization that was founded in 1985. ACT is a professional trade group consisting primarily of companies that design, develop, produce and promote textiles for commercial interiors united for support, strength, credibility and common interests.
CATEGORY : Fiber, Green, Weave
SOURCE :     ACT

astrakhan

Fur from young lambs from Astrakhan, characterized by lustrous, closely curled wool. Often imitated by thick woven or knitted fabric with loops or curls on the surface.
CATEGORY : Fiber
SOURCE :     Textile Glossary by Marvin Klapper